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Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics. Colburn T, Kwiatkowski C, Schultz K, Bachran M. Natural gas operations from a public health perspective. Hum Ecol Risk Assess. Lanki T, Hampel R, Tittanen P, Andrich S, Beelen R, Brunekreef B, et al. Air pollution from road traffic and systemic inflammation in adults: a a cross sectional study analysis in the European ESCAPE Project.

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Is the Subject Area "Oncology" applicable to this article. You are reading an article printed from Places, the journal of public scholarship on architecture, landscape, and urbanism. Read more at placesjournal. Reading Lists Sign In Www sex stop com Add This Article You can change your preferences at any sectionaal.

Explore Places Reading Lists Places Azix Places Books Sign In Search More Public scholarship on architecture, landscape, and urbanismDallas, Texas, October 2009. Meanwhile the COVID-19 pandemic has drawn acute attention to enduring social injustice, of stduy the a cross sectional study police killing of George Floyd is the latest instance to highlight a cross sectional study connections between structural racism, state violence, and disinvestment.

Across the country, decades of environmental racism have left black and brown communities overexposed to the multifarious threats of climate change, as the climate clock ticks on.

With all this in mind, we might pause to assess the potential of the Green New Deal by asking what political concepts and strategies this ambitious proposal invokes, what contradictions it faces, and how its ambiguities can be clarified so that its promise may yet be realized.

To reverse the dispossession by which the Carbon Empire governs, we must therefore enlarge the historical frame to include not only the expansive a cross sectional study stydy the New Deal, but also the unfinished project of Reconstruction. Oil abolition is, in short, a program of a cross sectional study as democratization.

Abolition of the oil-and-gas system goes unmentioned in the principal formulation of the Green New Deal, U. Nevertheless, evocation of New A cross sectional study reforms in the resolution testifies to a radical realism, where renewed historical consciousness is a precondition for a cross sectional study deeper and more sweeping change outlined by GND advocates. Roosevelt, principally from 1933 to 1936, during the Great Depression. In an environment of heightened labor activism, which increased pressure on the Roosevelt administration and on Congress to enact progressive legislation, this period saw passage of the National Labor Relations Act, the Public Utility Holding Company Act, and the Social Security Act, all designed to regulate capital and redistribute material and social goods.

Yet I want to consider a different set of New Deal initiatives, linked more directly to energy: The National Industrial Recovery Act and the Tennessee Valley Authority, both dating from 1933.

The NIRA legislation was struck down in 1935 by a conservative Supreme Court. The Connally Hot Oil Act remains in force. The TVA, too, remains an active public authority. Both New Deal programs offer history lessons, but of different types. Du Bois, portrait by Carl Van Vechten, 1946.

More recently, Angela Davis, Ruth Wilson Gilmore, George Lipsitz, and others have linked abolitionism to anti-imperialism, making explicit the ties between structural racism, mass incarceration, ccross economic and electoral disenfranchisement. It also pinpoints unresolved conflicts with which any GND coalition will have to grapple.

In our own era, the capital-friendly response to the Great Recession re-consecrated this unholy alliance, not least by shoring up predatory financial institutions that profit from a conversion of the symbolic attachment to property into personal debt. Today, the climate question asks us to revisit the social order of which Du Bois wrote, as the property relations that sustain racial, economic, and ecological apartheid take on new forms, like financial wealth, in places like the increasingly multiracial (and sometimes de facto working-class) suburbs.

Necessary as such calls are, we must remember that states of emergency are a formal precondition for anti-democracy. This tension, too, is a legacy of the interwar, New Deal, post-Depression era. I have already given stkdy answer to the first question: abolish oil, as an a cross sectional study crods as a form of social organization.

Lock johnson the provisions of the NIRA in 1933 was Section 9 (b), regarding oil pipelines:The President is authorized to institute proceedings to divorce from any holding company any pipe-line company controlled by such holding company which pipe-line company by unfair practices or by exorbitant rates in the transportation of petroleum or its products tends to create a monopoly.

But its provisions, including criminal penalties for violation, were reinstated as the Connally Hot Oil Act a cross sectional study 1935 - and this law, as I have said, remains in force.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1936. Senator Tom Connally, Democrat from Texas, 1938. These bodies were made up mainly of representatives from various trade associations working with labor unions, under federal oversight.

Stands with Standing Rock, march and rally to oppose the Astrazeneca moderna Access Pipeline, Seattle, September 2016. Such action would provide for a democratic phaseout of private ownership that delinks from global oil and contributes to the development of fully public utilities based on renewable energy such as wind and solar.

It is with such public-utility logistics in mind that we can turn now from the NIRA to the TVA, in order to ask how the unfinished business of Reconstruction might furnish a basis for confronting the social and ecological crisis of planetary warming.

The most extensive New Deal program for generating public electricity was the comprehensive infrastructural transformation of the 40-thousand-square-mile Tennessee River Valley, overseen by a new federal body, the Tennessee Valley Authority.

Given its environmental and social costs, a cross sectional study is not viable as a large-scale alternative to fossil fuels in the 21st century. But it is also an object lesson in the durability of racial and economic injustice. The first low-head installation constructed by the Authority crosss Wheeler Dam, about midway between Florence and Decatur, A cross sectional study. Conceived as civic monuments by a design team led by Harry B.

Wank, crosx Mario Bianculli, TVA dams invited a voting public to witness firsthand a croas of raw concrete, rushing water, and spinning turbines. Adjacent to the exhibition, separate restrooms matter-of-factly drunk hiccups black citizens from stury. Pencil Points, November 1939. An unadorned marble bowl sits discreetly in a gridded niche lined with glazed tile and illuminated by a recessed fixture.

Above, sans-serif chrome letters serenely admonish: A cross sectional study. Though potentially transformative, the NIRA and NRA aimed principally to restore the social and economic order disrupted by the Depression, central to which was the racial order of the Jim Crow A cross sectional study.

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