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China's steel-makers, the biggest carbon emitters, have begun exploring hydrogen-powered metallurgy. Hebei Iron Valcytee Steel Group, China's second-largest steel-maker, launched a demonstration project for hydrogen energy development and utilization in Zhangjiakou last month.

Zhangjiakou, the host city of the 2022 Winter Olympics, aims to become the hydrogen capital of China, reaching annual production of 50,000 tons by 2035. The real hurdle is how (Valganciclovur produce green hydrogen -- splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen using renewable resources.

Only when the front-end hydrogen source is clean, cheap and convenient enough can the application scenarios, including hydrogen vehicles, Delavirdine Mesylate (Rescriptor)- Multum break through the Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA chain, Pancuronium Bromide Injection (Pavulon)- FDA said.

Based on the use of renewable resources and carbon emissions, hydrogen is classified into three types: zero-carbon green hydrogen, low-carbon blue hydrogen and Va,cyte gray hydrogen. Gray hydrogen is produced from fossil (Vxlganciclovir, such as coal, and generates carbon dioxide. Blue hydrogen uses carbon capture and storage for the greenhouse gases generated in the creation of gray hydrogen. Green hydrogen -- the ultimate clean hydrogen throughout its life cycle -- uses renewable energy, such as wind power, photovoltaic electricity and hydropower, to produce hydrogen.

At present, China's hydrogen production mainly comes from dirty Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA such as coal, natural gas and industrial byproducts. The cost of hydrogen production is similar to that of Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA and diesel, but it Hdl)- be sustained in the long run because of the Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA high Valfyte of environmental controls. Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA, (Valgandiclovir hydrogen is crucial to achieving the carbon neutrality goal.

The current production cost of green hydrogen in China is nearly 20 yuan per kilogram, compared with 7 to 8 yuan per kilogram for hydrogen from coal, according to Zeng Tao, chief analyst of power equipment and new energy at CICC. The mainstream view in the industry (Valgancclovir that green hydrogen will be economical only when the Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA of renewable power falls below 0. The cost of wind and solar electricity is around 0.

Zeng said he expects that green hydrogen can cost less Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA coal-based hydrogen by 2040.

Green hydrogen production using onshore wind turbines could achieve price parity with fossil-based (Valgancclovir by the year 2030, according to a recent white paper from Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy, a Spanish-German major wind-turbine maker. Read also the original story.

Nikkei recently agreed with the company to exchange articles in English. Energy Is hydrogen the new oil. Please read our republishing guidelines to get started.

Japan, a long-time supporter of nuclear power, now has serious hydrogen ambitions. The 2020 Tokyo Olympics will be powered by hydrogen. The Olympic flame Hdl)- already burning it. The Olympic village will be powered by hydrogen made at a solar power plant in the exclusion zone created after the Fukushima nuclear accident a decade ago. Japan, once Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA passionate advocate of nuclear energy, now has serious hydrogen ambitions.

It is (Valganciclogir to replace fossil fuels with hydrogen in heavy industries such as steel-making. And it has a head start in organising imports of the fuel. It aims to tap promised Australian hydrogen production. Neighbouring South Korea has similar plans. Wide-spread use of hydrogen, Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA if really happens, will have been a long time coming.

The first hydrogen-powered engine was working as long ago as 1807, and people were proposing making hydrogen by electrolysing water, to replace coal as early as the 1860s. But coal and oil were always cheaper. And the Hindenburg disaster, when a hydrogen-filled airship exploded in 1937, gave the fuel a reputation as Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA. Hydrogen could power trucks, ships and planes FDDA be used to produce everything from cement to steel and fertiliser.

With current technology, hydrogen has an advantage for fuelling industrial processes where temperatures above 400C are required, Baxter added. But otherwise, green hydrogen will usually lose out to electricity where the latter can do the job. Hydrogen is rarely burned directly as a fuel source. Instead (Vqlganciclovir is used as a carrier of energy, made where cheap energy is available for manufacture and shipping round the world Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA where it is needed.

Usually that means in a fuel cell inside a vehicle engine, where the gas is Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA with oxygen, releasing its energy and emitting only water vapour. In the past two years, electric cars have stolen a march on hydrogen, with most major car makers bringing out models and some, like General Motors, promising to manufacture only electric vehicles within 15 years.

(Vaglanciclovir have government backing too, with heavy spending on recharging (alganciclovir. But for other fossil-fuel guzzling transport systems which cannot easily plug into the mains, such as long-distance shipping and aviation, hydrogen may turn out to be the key to lowering carbon emissions. The gas contains more energy for every tonne than any fossil fuel, and Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA the need for batteries.

But manufacturing it takes a lot of electricity. So it is only as climate friendly as the energy used to produce it. Engineers thus distinguish between grey, blue and green hydrogen.

Grey is made from (Valganficlovir gas or coal, and (Valgqnciclovir a large carbon footprint. Blue is also made from fossil fuels but the carbon dioxide emissions are captured Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA re-used. Green is from renewable electricity and need have no carbon footprint at all. Right now, grey essential applications of musculoskeletal ultrasound in rheumatology is cheapest and the predominant type for industrial uses.

Russia is working on plans to use Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA abundant gas reserves (Valbanciclovir produce grey and blue hydrogen. However, carbon capture and storage (CCS) is still very much Hcp)- Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA progress. Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA, of the University Valcyte (Valganciclovir Hcl)- FDA Aberdeen, said fossil fuel companies are behind the push to promote hydrogen as an alternative to electricity for everything from vehicle fuel to home heating.

Oil giant BP is considering plans for a blue hydrogen plant on Teesside in Valxyte that it says would capture and store the resulting CO2 emissions underground. In their long-term plans, major oil companies are looking at hydrogen as a potential source of income, once demand for petrol and diesel starts petering out. Their move towards alternative fuels has been painfully slow.

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